You did not misread the title: Yes, half of the world wide web, the Internet we know and use every hour and every day, has been shut down a couple of days ago. And yes, that may have been caused – in part – by your personal smart camera or smart refrigerator. A massive DDoS attack on the Internet! On last Friday, October 21st 2016, internet users in Egypt and all around the globe started reporting a lag in the performance of websites and services like Twitter, Reddit, Spotify, Netflix and many others.  That came as a result of a historic unprecedented cyber attack waged by anonymous hackers on the servers of Dyn, Josoor Internet Marketing partners whom we started working with to offer their services and products in Egypt and MENA region since the year 2013. What is DDoS? And how did this happen? In order to grasp what really happened on that day, it’s important to know the meaning of both; DNS and DDoS. Domain Name Servers (DNS) are like Phone books for the Internet. DNSs keep a directory of domain names and convert them to Internet Protocol addresses (known as IPs – you heard that alot – yeah?). When you visit a website using your web browser, it actually searches for the IP of this website. What a domain name (URL) means for you, is the same as what a DNS means for your computer or smart phone. While DDoS, standing for Distributed Denial of Service, is a type of a cyber attack where many compromised connected systems (computers, phones, devices, … etc.), which are often infected with a Trojan software (a semi-computer virus), are used by hackers to target a single system or a server causing what is known as “Denial of Service (DoS) attack”. On that black Friday, 3 major waves […]